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The Amur leopard has some very distinguishing features. The hairs of its summer pelt are 2.5 cm long but in winter they are replaced by 7 cm long ones. Apart from its long winter coat, the Amur leopard is easily told apart from other leopard subspecies by its widely spaced rosettes with thick borders. This big cats coat is much different than that of other leopards because it becomes quite pale during the winter and becomes very bright in the summer to help it blend into its surroundings. It also has longer legs, probably an adaptation for walking through snow. The Amur leopard is habitually nocturnal and solitary. Nimble-footed and strong, it carries and hides unfinished kills so that they are not taken by other predators. Some of the common names are : Amur leopard, Far-east leopard, Siberian leopard, Manchurian leopard, and Korean leopard.

Size: Adult males: 32-48 kg, exceptionally large males weigh up to 75 kg. Females: 25-43 kg.
Color: Light colour in the winter, more reddish-yellow in the summer.



Amur leopards breed in the spring and early summer months. Females remain pregnant for three and a half months. They tend to have one to six cubs. Cubs begin to be weaned at three months and taught to hunt. Cubs reach independance at approximately two years old. Females on heat make a purring sound to help advertise the fact. This is known as rumbling.